Fungal toenails, a condition known to doctors as onychomycosis, describes the presence of a fungal infection occurring in or under a patient’s toenails. Most often it is the bacteria trichophyton which causes the infection. The infection itself typically occurs because the nails have been kept in wet or moist surroundings without the correct care including a group shower. Athletes can be more vulnerable to fungal toenails because they use these facilities and because their feet are continually kept in tight, sweaty shoes. Those with an undermined immune system can also be more vulnerable to fungal infections in the toenails.
There are three types of onychomycosis:
Topical medications and creams are frequently employed to treat mild fungal toenail infections. When the infection is more severe, oral medications can be much more effective. The most common oral medication prescribed is Lamisil. Photodynamic therapy, employing a light-activated chemical to treat the infection, and laser therapy can also be effective. Laser therapy is created to target the infected tissue while leaving the healthy tissue unharmed.
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