Bunions occur as a bony hump on the side of the big toe which causes discomfort. The hump causes the big toe to drift inward toward the other toes. The joint where the toe bends when walking is also affected by a bunion and it can make walking painful. Bunions are also susceptible to pressure and friction caused by certain types of shoes and how they rub on the toe. Calluses often develop on the side of the big toe where the shoe is rubbing.
Bunions can be hereditary and problems can increase as people age. Compromised or poorly developed foot structure can also contribute to the formation of bunions as well as other situations which put pressure on the toes. Ballerinas frequently develop bunions because of the pointe shoes they wear and many women develop them from wearing high heels and pointed toe shoes. Arthritis also contributes to the development of bunions.
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